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Nginx服务器的SSL证书配置以及对SSL的反向代理配置

手工SEO 2020-03-04 08:00:00 DEDE教程 200℃ 手工SEO

Nginx的SSL证书配置
1、使用openssl实现证书中心
由于是使用openssl架设私有证书中心,因此要保证以下字段在证书中心的证书、服务端证书、客户端证书中都相同

Country Name State or Province Name Locality Name Organization Name Organizational Unit Name Country Name State or Province Name Locality Name Organization Name Organizational Unit Name


编辑证书中心配置文件

vim /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf

[ CA_default ] dir = /etc/pki/CA certs = $dir/certs # Where the issued certs are kept crl_dir = $dir/crl # Where the issued crl are kept database = $dir/index.txt # database index file. #unique_subject = no # Set to 'no' to allow creation of # several ctificates with same subject. new_certs_dir = $dir/newcerts # default place for new certs. certificate = $dir/cacert.pem # The CA certificate serial = $dir/serial # The current serial number crlnumber = $dir/crlnumber # the current crl number # must be commented out to leave a V1 CRL crl = $dir/crl.pem # The current CRL private_key = $dir/private/cakey.pem# The private key RANDFILE = $dir/private/.rand # private random number file [ req_distinguished_name ] countryName = Country Name(2 letter code) countryName_default = CN countryName_min = 2 countryName_max = 2 stateOrProvinceName = State or Province Name (full name) stateOrProvinceName_default = FJ localityName = Locality Name (eg, city) localityName_default = FZ 0.organizationName = Organization Name (eg, company) 0.organizationName_default = zdz organizationalUnitName = Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) organizationalUnitName_default = zdz

创建证书私钥

cd /etc/pki/CA/private

(umask 077;openssl genrsa -out cakey.pem 2048

)
生成自签证书

cd /etc/pki/CA/ openssl req -new -x509 -key private/cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days=3655

2、创建服务器证书

mkdir /usr/local/nginx/ssl cd /usr/local/nginx/ssl

(umask 077;openssl genrsa -out nginx.key 1024)

openssl req -new -key nginx.key -out nginx.csr openssl ca -in nginx.csr -out nginx.crt -days=3650

3、创建客户端浏览器证书

(umask 077;openssl genrsa -out client.key 1024)

openssl req -new -key client.key -out client.csr openssl ca -in client.csr -out client.crt -days=3650

将文本格式的证书转换成可以导入浏览器的证书

openssl pkcs12 -export -clcerts -in client.crt -inkey client.key -out client.p12

4、配置nginx服务器验证

vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

ssl on; ssl_certificate /usr/local/nginx/ssl/nginx.crt; ssl_certificate_key /usr/local/nginx/ssl/nginx.key; ssl_client_certificate /usr/local/nginx/ssl/cacert.pem; ssl_session_timeout 5m; #ssl_verify_client on; 服务器验证客户端,暂时不开启,让没有证书的客户端可以访问,先完成单向验证 ssl_protocols SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;

SSL反向代理
1.修改nginx.conf配置

server { listen 443 ssl; server_name ; ssl_certificate ssl/www.jb51.net.crt; ssl_certificate_key ssl/www.jb51.net.key; ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; keepalive_timeout 60; ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m; ssl_session_timeout 10m; location / { proxy_pass ; proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504; proxy_set_header Accept-Encoding ""; proxy_set_header Host $host; proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme; add_header Front-End-Https on; proxy_redirect off; } }

2.重启服务

# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t # /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

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